China y la construcción de un régimen internacional de Cooperación Sur-Sur

Rafael Domínguez

Resumo


El artículo analiza en perspectiva histórica el reciente proceso de construcción de un régimen internacional de Cooperación Sur-Sur (CSS). La hipótesis predictiva principal es que China está construyendo un régimen internacional de cooperación alternativo al del Comité de Ayuda
al Desarrollo (CAD) de la OCDE, que, de acuerdo a una lógica de isomorfismo institucional, se sustenta en tres pilares: organizaciones internacionales de carácter financiero y político, instrumentos financieros de carácter concesional, y un sistema de monitoreo y evaluación. Como hipótesis subordinada se mantiene que, tras la experiencia  fracasada de la década de 1970, el intento de construcción de un régimen internacional alternativo al del CAD, y, por tanto, un cambio de régimen, tendrá éxito esta vez por la creciente fortaleza de China como potencia ascendente en términos económicos, militares y culturales y de liderazgo político. Este nuevo régimen estará integrado por el primer pilar de las organizaciones internacionales financieras (el Banco Asiático de Inversión en Infraestructura) y políticas (la recién creada Agencia Estatal de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo); el segundo pilar de la financiación ampliada del desarrollo; y el tercer pilar del sistema de monitoreo y evaluación.


Palavras-chave


Transición Hegemónica; Realismo Moral; Cooperación Sur-Sur.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21530/ci.v13n1.2018.737

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