A Política de Comércio Exterior dos Governos Obama (2009–2017) à luz do enfoque strangeano: implicações para o regime internacional de comércio

Leonardo Diniz Lameiras

Resumo


O trabalho analisa a política de comércio exterior que foi concebida ao longo dos dois governos de Barack Obama (2009–2017), com o objetivo de revelar suas potenciais implicações para o regime internacional de comércio. Para tanto, faz-se uso do enfoque analítico-metodológico
que Susan Strange desenvolve na obra States and Markets, a fim de melhor elucidar os objetivos estratégicos, para além da liberalização comercial, que estão associados à escolha dos mega-acordos regionais como os principais instrumentos da política de comércio exterior do governo democrata. O conceito da autora de poder estrutural é resgatado para entender como a política de comércio exterior serviu ao propósito de fortalecer a posição do país no sistema internacional em quatro domínios específicos: produção, finanças, segurança e conhecimento. De acordo com a hipótese central deste estudo, por intermédio dessa política, os Estados Unidos acentuariam a dinâmica em curso de modificações no arcabouço normativo que rege o sistema multilateral de comércio, submetendo o atual regime internacional que
disciplina as trocas comerciais entre os países a significativas transformações.


Palavras-chave


governos Obama; política de comércio exterior; poder estrutural; regime internacional de comércio.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21530/ci.v13n1.2018.681

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