The Role of UNASUR in the South American Democratic Crises (2008-2015)

Elias David Morales Martinez, Mariana Preta Oliveira de Lyra

Resumo


The paper aims to analyze the performance of UNASUR in its first initial phase of activities in cases of democratic crises that happened in South America, during the period 2008-2015. Thus, it examines the cases of Bolivia (2008), Ecuador (2010), Paraguay (2012) and Venezuela (2014-2015). The central hypothesis of this study is that the defense of democracy and its institutions has been incorporated as one of the fundamental elements of the organization. Therefore, UNASUR is guided by political dialogue and consensus building for the maintenance of the democratic order in the South American countries and, consequently, a deepening of the regional integration process. It is argued that UNASUR includes democracy as one of its core values and acts to defend it in unstable situation. Therefore, the strengthening of the organization depends, among other factors, on its ability to resolve conflicts and promote democracy in the continent.


Palavras-chave


UNASUR. South America; Regional Integration; Democracy; Democratic Crisis.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21530/ci.v13n1.2018.729

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