Estudos da Paz: origens, desenvolvimentos e desafios críticos atuais

Gilberto Carvalho Oliveira

Resumo


Embora os estudos da paz coloquem no núcleo da sua agenda de pesquisa alguns dos desafios mais graves e urgentes do nosso tempo ─ incluindo todas as formas de violência, as causas dos conflitos e as condições para a paz ─, é curioso notar a marginalidade, ou quase invisibilidade, dessa disciplina no meio acadêmico brasileiro, bem como a escassez de bibliografia produzida no Brasil dedicada às bases conceituais e metodológicas próprias dessa área de estudos. A fim de contribuir para uma maior visibilidade dos estudos da paz, este artigo tem por objetivo traçar um panorama geral do percurso de consolidação dos estudos da paz como disciplina acadêmica, desde o seu nascimento na década de 1950 até a atualidade. Dentro desse propósito, o artigo procura destacar as origens e os elementos definidores centrais dos estudos da paz, os desenvolvimentos conceituais sobre a violência e a paz ocorridos na obra de Johan Galtung, considerado uma das referências centrais dessa área de estudos, e os principais desdobramentos e desafios dos estudos da paz na atualidade.


Palavras-chave


Conflito, Galtung, Pesquisa da paz, Resolução de conflito, Violência

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21530/ci.v12n1.2017.611

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